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Lindungi Kulit Dengan Tabir Surya SPF 15!

 Cuaca panas seperti ini bisa bikin kulit kamu jadi kering dan rusak loh! Apalagi, kalau kamu berencana untuk pergi ke pantai. Kamu wajib memakai Tabir Surya di kulit agar mendapakan perlindungan dari sinar UV jahat. Penyerapan sinar UV, baik UV A maupun UV B, memberi banyak pengaruh buruk bagi kulit kamu.
Tapi banyak juga orang yang belum menyadari kalau sinar matahari itu buruk terhadap kulit. Pengaruh buruk sinar matahari bisa dirasakan mulai dari kulit yang berubah kecoklatan yang tak merata (uneven skin tone), kulit terbakar (sunburn), noda atau flek hitam (freckles), dan photoaging (kerutan). Wihhh, pasti kamu gak mau kan kalau kulit kamu jadi cepet tua.
Nah, maka dari itu penggunaan Sunblock itu penting kan! tapi ketika memilih krim tabir surya, ada beberapa hal yang harus kamu diperhatikan, yaitu adanya label SPF, PA, dan antioksidan di dalamnya.

1. SPF
SPF (sun protection factor) adalah perlindungan dari radiasi UV B. Biasanya SPF diikuti oleh angka-angka, seperti SPF 15, SPF 30, atau SPF 50. Masih bingung untuk menentukan kebutuhan SPF kamu? Semakin besar SPF bukan berarti produk tersebut semakin bagus dalam melindungi kulit kamu. Angka pada SPF tidak menunjukkan seberapa besar radiasi yang bisa ditahan, melainkan menunjukkan berapa lama losien ini mampu menahan radiasi matahari. Pemilihan angka SPF sendiri tergantung dari lokasi serta aktivitas yang dilakukan. Untuk kulit Indonesia, jika hanya melakukan aktivitas normal (lebih banyak di dalam ruangan) cukup gunakan krim tabir surya dengan SPF 15.

2. PA
Mungkin banyak yang tidak tau elemen yang satu ini. PA memang kurang dikenal dibandingkan SPF. PA merupakan singkatan dari protection grade of UV A, sehingga PA ini merupakan perlindungan terhadap radiasi sinar UV A. Jika SPF diikuti dengan angka, maka lambang perlindungan PA diikuti dengan lambang + . Ada tiga tipe perlindungan sinar UV A, yaitu PA+, PA++, PA+++. Semakin banyak lambang + nya, berarti semakin lama melindungi kulit dari radiasi.

Untuk mengetahui seberapa banyak kebutuhan PA untuk kulit, hitung protection factor of UV A (PFA) terlebih dulu. Caranya dengan menghitung minimal persistent pigment darkening (MPPD)  kulit yang terlindungi, dibagi dengan MPPD kulit yang tak terlindungi.

MPPD merupakan jumlah bagian kulit yang berubah warna menjadi kecoklatan akibat terbakar sinar matahari dalam satu bagian. Jika hasil pembagian ini memiliki angka 2-3, maka PA yang dibutuhkan adalah PA+; untuk angka 4-7 membutuhkan PA ++; dan lebih dari 8 membutuhkan PA+++.

3. Antioksidan
Nah, fitur satu ini gak kalah penting juga loh! Ketika kamu memilih krim tabir surya, sebaiknya pilih juga kandungan antioksidan di dalamnya. Kandungan antioksidan berfungsi untuk menjaga kesehatan kulit dan mencerahkannya. Misalnya, pilih yang ada kandungan vitamin A, C, B3 dan yang lainnya. (

So,  kamu perlu memilih Tabir Surya yang cocok untuk kulit kamu dan juga aktivitas yang dilakukan. Ada satu produk nih yang secara rutin aku pakai ketika aku beraktivitas diluar setiap hari.

Marina UV White dengan extra SPF 15

 Produk Marina ini membuat Kulit Tampak Lebih Putih Merata dengan perlindungan Extra Terpapar sinar matahari membuat warna kulit menjadi gelap dan tidak merata.  Lotion yang melindungi kulitmu dari sinar matahari optimal melindungi dari 94% sinar UV, sehingga kulit tampak lebih putih merata dan menjaganya tetap putih dengan:

  • SPF 15 sebagai UV B Protection yang melindungi dari paparan sinar matahari
  • PA+ sebagai UV A Protection yang membantu menghambat proses penggelapan kulit
  • Biowhitening Complex dari Yogurt dan Vitamin B3 yang kaya akan nutrisi, bekerja membantu mencerahkan warna kulit, sehingga tampak lebih putih merata
Wah, dengan fitur-fitur yang di sediakan maka dari itu Marina UV White dengan extra SPF 15 aku pakai. Jadi tunggu apalagi, lindungi kulit kamu sekarang sebelum kamu terlambat.... Ciao!


Why did men stop wearing High Heels?

For generations they have signified femininity and glamour - but a pair of high heels was once an essential accessory for men.
Beautiful, provocative, sexy - high heels may be all these things and more, but even their most ardent fans wouldn't claim they were practical.
They're no good for hiking or driving. They get stuck in things. Women in heels are advised to stay off the grass - and also ice, cobbled streets and posh floors.
And high heels don't tend to be very comfortable. It is almost as though they just weren't designed for walking in.
Originally, they weren't.

"The high heel was worn for centuries throughout the near east as a form of riding footwear," says Elizabeth Semmelhack of the Bata Shoe Museum in Toronto.
Good horsemanship was essential to the fighting styles of the Persia - the historical name for modern-day Iran.
"When the soldier stood up in his stirrups, the heel helped him to secure his stance so that he could shoot his bow and arrow more effectively," says Semmelhack.
At the end of the 16th Century, Persia's Shah Abbas I had the largest cavalry in the world. He was keen to forge links with rulers in Western Europe to help him defeat his great enemy, the Ottoman Empire.

So in 1599, Abbas sent the first Persian diplomatic mission to Europe - it called on the courts of Russia, Norway, Germany and Spain.
A wave of interest in all things Persian passed through Western Europe. Persian style shoes were enthusiastically adopted by aristocrats, who sought to give their appearance a virile, masculine edge that, it suddenly seemed, only heeled shoes could supply.

As the wearing of heels filtered into the lower ranks of society, the aristocracy responded by dramatically increasing the height of their shoes - and the high heel was born.
In the muddy, rutted streets of 17th Century Europe, these new shoes had no utility value whatsoever - but that was the point.
"One of the best ways that status can be conveyed is through impracticality," says Semmelhack, adding that the upper classes have always used impractical, uncomfortable and luxurious clothing to announce their privileged status.
"They aren't in the fields working and they don't have to walk far."
When it comes to history's most notable shoe collectors, the Imelda Marcos of his day was arguably Louis XIV of France. For a great king, he was rather diminutively proportioned at only five foot four (1.63m).
He supplemented his stature by a further 10cm with heels, often elaborately decorated with depictions of battle scenes.
The heels and soles were always red - the dye was expensive and carried a martial overtone. The fashion soon spread overseas - Charles II of England's coronation portrait of 1661 features him wearing a pair of enormous red, French style heels - although he was over six foot tall (1.85m) to begin with.
In the 1670s, Louis XIV issued an edict that only members of his court were allowed to wear red heels. In theory, all anyone in French society had to do to check whether someone was in favour with the king was to glance downwards. In practice, unauthorised, imitation heels were available.

Although Europeans were first attracted to heels because the Persian connection gave them a macho air, a craze in women's fashion for adopting elements of men's dress meant their use soon spread to women and children.
"In the 1630s you had women cutting their hair, adding epaulettes to their outfits," says Semmelhack.
"They would smoke pipes, they would wear hats that were very masculine. And this is why women adopted the heel - it was in an effort to masculinise their outfits."
From that time, Europe's upper classes followed a unisex shoe fashion until the end of the 17th Century, when things began to change again.
"You start seeing a change in the heel at this point," says Helen Persson, a curator at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. "Men started to have a squarer, more robust, lower, stacky heel, while women's heels became more slender, more curvaceous."

The toes of women's shoes were often tapered so that when the tips appeared from her skirts, the wearer's feet appeared to be small and dainty.
Fast forward a few more years and the intellectual movement that came to be known as the Enlightenment brought with it a new respect for the rational and useful and an emphasis on education rather than privilege. Men's fashion shifted towards more practical clothing. In England, aristocrats began to wear simplified clothes that were linked to their work managing country estates.
It was the beginning of what has been called the Great Male Renunciation, which would see men abandon the wearing of jewellery, bright colours and ostentatious fabrics in favour of a dark, more sober, and homogenous look. Men's clothing no longer operated so clearly as a signifier of social class, but while these boundaries were being blurred, the differences between the sexes became more pronounced.
"There begins a discussion about how men, regardless of station, of birth, if educated could become citizens," says Semmelhack.
"Women, in contrast, were seen as emotional, sentimental and uneducatable. Female desirability begins to be constructed in terms of irrational fashion and the high heel - once separated from its original function of horseback riding - becomes a primary example of impractical dress."
High heels were seen as foolish and effeminate. By 1740 men had stopped wearing them altogether.
But it was only 50 years before they disappeared from women's feet too, falling out of favour after the French Revolution.
By the time the heel came back into fashion, in the mid-19th Century, photography was transforming the way that fashions - and the female self-image - were constructed.
Pornographers were amongst the first to embrace the new technology, taking pictures of naked women for dirty postcards, positioning models in poses that resembled classical nudes, but wearing modern-day high heels.
Elizabeth Semmelhack believes that this association with pornography led to high heels being seen an erotic adornment for women.

The 1960s saw a return of low heeled cowboy boots for men and some dandies strutted their stuff in platform shoes in the 1970s.
But the era of men walking around on their toes seems to be behind us. Could we ever return to an era of guys squeezing their big hairy feet into four-inch, shiny, brightly coloured high heels?
"Absolutely," says Semmelhack. There is no reason, she believes, why the high heel cannot continue to be ascribed new meanings - although we may have to wait for true gender equality first.

"If it becomes a signifier of actual power, then men will be as willing to wear it as women."


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